The reactive 16e species CpTi=CH can be generated in situ from either its aluminum alkyl adducts or olefin adducts (metallacyclobutanes). This complex reacts with a wide variety of unsaturated functionalities including C=O, C=C, -C=C- and -C=N. In most instances the C=O groups are rnethylenated. Key to the utility of these complexes is their lack of basic properties in contrast with phosphorous ylides; all of the normal "Wittig" side reactions are eliminated using these reagents. Acid chlorides and anhydrides are converted into enolate complexes, which can be used in aldol type chemistry. The combination of the reactivity toward C=O and C=C results in an efficient method for the conversion of unhindered carbonyl centers into quarternary carbon centers.
“CP2TiCH2 Complexes in Synthetic Applications”, Pure Appl. Chem., 1983, 55(11), 1733-1744.