The enantioselective α-arylation and α-vinylation of oxindoles catalyzed by Pd and a biarylmonophosphine ligand with both axial and phosphorus-based chirogenicity is reported. The resultant quaternary carbon stereocenters are formed in high enantiomeric excess, and the conditions tolerate a range of substitution on both the oxindole and the aryl/vinyl coupling partners.
“Palladium-Catalyzed Enantioselective α-Arylation and α-Vinylation of Oxindoles Facilitated by an Axially Chiral P-Stereogenic Ligand”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131(29), 9900-9901.